A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure of replacing the damaged and unhealthy bone marrow in the patient’s body with healthy bone marrow coming from a suitable donor. Development of Allogeneic stem cell transplantation has paved way for new possibilities. The bone marrow transplant specialist in India are highly experienced in their field and have been able to save the lives of a large number of patients suffering from severe Bone and Blood Cancer.
The process of stem cell transplant or bone marrow transplant is very tedious and difficult and just not for everybody. Bone marrow transplant specialists have to make sure that the patient is healthy enough to undergo the procedure.
A lot of people opt for bone marrow transplant in Delhi as Delhi is the hub for some of the best doctors who have been widely appreciated for performing various successful bone marrow transplant procedures. Autologous stem cell transplantation in Delhi, as well as other parts of the country, has become very popular after the concept of stem cell preservation came to being.
When a person undergoes frequent chemotherapy and Radiation therapy to kill the cancerous cells, it often causes severe damage to the nearby tissues and destroys a certain amount of the bone marrow as well. Bone marrow is a brownish, dark and spongy substance present inside our bones.
The other variety of stem cells refers to those present in our blood. These are known as peripheral stem cells. Both the types of stem cells are used in stem cell transplant for the treatment of cancer.
What is special about the stem cells is the ability to divide and form new and healthy blood cells.
Bone marrow contains early blood cells called stem cells which develop into the different kinds of blood cells in our body namely, erythrocytes, commonly known as red blood cells (RBCs) which carry oxygen, leukocytes, commonly known as white blood cells (WBCs) which fight infections and platelets, which forms clots.
The purpose of a bone marrow transplant which is also known as stem cell transplant is to replenish the body with healthy cells and bone marrow when chemotherapy and radiation are finished. The bone marrow will start to produce new blood cells after a successful and healthy transplant.
Before chemotherapy, the bone marrow of the patient or a bone marrow of the donor is collected by a team of doctors. And after the chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the bone marrow cells are transferred into the patient’s body through a drip. The bone marrow cells find their way back to the patient’s bone marrow and initiate the production of new blood cells.
Stem cells used for the transplant can be taken from the patient own body or from the body of a healthy donor. Nowadays medical facilities are available to store and preserve stem cells present in the umbilical cord connecting the mother and the child at the time of birth.
The stem cells can be used later on to treat various diseases including Blood and Bone cancer. In the case of autologous stem cell transplant, there are simply no chances of side effects and hence is one of the best techniques of the bone marrow transplant.
There is also a different kind of bone marrow transplant known as the mismatched transplant in which it is not necessary to find a perfect match for the donation. If a patient gets a mismatched transplant, he or she is more vulnerable to experience certain reactions which can sometimes work in favor of the patient and help them and fighting cancer cells.
However, it is very important to consult a specialist before opting for any such procedure as the eligibility of different patients to undergo these treatments may vary.