Glaucoma is a condition whereby there is an increased intraocular pressure that damages the optic nerves and thus affects the vision. It is a scary disease as it takes away the eyesight very slowly and painlessly. Therefore it is also referred to as the ‘silent thief of sight’. The worst part is there is no way that the disease can be reversed or the vision that has been lost can be restored. The only way to protect you from the Glaucoma is the early detection of the disease. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the whole world.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Most of the people with Glaucoma show no symptoms of the disease. There is no pain in the eyes that could direct towards the disease, it is only regular visits to the doctor that can help in the detection. If any of your family members had the disease then after the age of 40 you need to also visit the eye specialist, for a complete eye exam after every two years.
What happens in Glaucoma?
A fluid called aqueous nourishes the front part of the eye. In normal conditions, the rate of production of aqueous matches the rate of its drainage and thus there is optimal pressure inside the eyes. However, with age, trauma or certain other reasons, the channels that carry the fluid get blocked and the pressure inside the eyes is increased. This increased pressure is the culprit and damages the optic nerves that pass the visual messages to the brain.
Thus very silently glaucoma damages the outer or peripheral vision first but the does affect the central vision in the early stages. Thus if not detected on time it may slowly affect the central vision and thus cause blindness. As per stats 90% of the people by the time detect some issues and consult the doctor they have already lost half of their vision and sadly this cannot be reversed just like a cataract.
Glaucoma treatment is possible only if it is detected at the early stages. Regular eye check-up is the key to detect the disease at the early stages and preserve the eyesight. Only a healthcare provider with advanced state- of – art equipment facilitates the detection of the disease, help in its treatment and also use the surgical process to prevent loss of eyesight. Eye drops can control the disease. However, glaucoma surgeon can help in further prevention of loss of vision.
Treatment of glaucoma is life-long. The treatment includes medical management, surgical management or management by lasers. With the help of sophisticated machines, the disease can be detected at early stages when there has been no damage caused to the fibers of the eyes. There are superior anti-glaucoma eye drops that can help in the treatment.
Thereafter glaucoma surgeons with his surgical process can reduce the pressure on the optic nerves and thus stop further damage. The surgeon can use techniques like a glaucoma filtration device for controlled filtration. Visit the best ophthalmologist for the treatment of this disease and restoration of your eyesight.