Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India to a Hindu family on 2 October 1869. He was the child of Karamchand Gandhi Putlibai. He got his early schooling near Rajkot, where his father served as the adviser. At the age of 13, Gandhi was married to Kasturba. Due to his continuous efforts and struggle for the independence of the nation, people address him as the father of the nation or Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi went to England in the year 1888 to get a degree in law. He spent three years in London and completed his degree at the Inner Temple. Only after 1 year of his enrolment in High Court of London, he left for India. Later he represented an Indian business firm situated in the Transvaal, South Africa.
Gandhi in South Africa
Mahatma Gandhi visited Durban in 1893 to serve as legal counsel to a merchant Dada Abdulla. The first encounter of discrimination faced by him was when he was traveling through a train from Pretoria with a first class ticket. He was pushed out off the train by force simply because non-white was not allowed in the first class compartment.
When Gandhi opposes this, he was pushed out from the train with his luggage thrown away. It was the movement when he faced the dilemma whether he should return to India or fight for this injustice with colored people. He realized that it his duty to fight for this cause as the next day journey was even more humiliating for him.
He was made to sit with the coachman on the box outside separating him from the white passengers inside the train. On this day, he was physically assaulted by the conductor of the train as Mahatma Gandhi refused to give him his seat.
Within a month of his arrival, Mahatma Gandhi made his first public speech making truthfulness and non-violence the key perspectives of his fight against injustice. The meeting was organized to make Indian residents oppose the discrimination done with them.
South Africa, at that moment, was a growing national, ruled by white authorities in the majority. The discrimination against the Indians is similar to other non-white people of the county. Mahatma Gandhi’s fight against colour based discrimination makes him a beloved leader by Indian and other citizens of the country who are willing for equality.
By 1896, Mahatma Gandhi has become a political leader in South Africa fighting against the injustice of his policy of non-violence. This year only, he took a trip to India to ignite a protest campaign on behalf of Indians in South Africa. His mission caused the great uproar in India and hurt the British authorities in England and Natal badly. Gandhi’s efforts had pressurized the British Government enough to block the Franchise Bill in an unprecedented move.
The introduction of Transvaal Asiatic Law Amendment Ordinance forces all Indians in the Transvaal to carry an authorization document along with other coercive measures. Mahatma Gandhi protests against this act with 3,000 Indians in the year 1906 which give birth to his whistleblowing ‘satyagraha’ campaign.
The Indian community followed Gandhi’s plan and fought against the Act for a period of over six years in which, hundreds of Indians were brutally suppressed and put into jail because they were following non-violent forms of resistance.
Mahatma Gandhi led another march with mine workers in 1913 to protest against the tax imposed on formerly indentured laborers and he was arrested. You can check all about in Mahatma Gandhi biography. As soon as he got the bail, he joined the movement again without afraid of being arrested. His dedication and courage to continue the path of non-violence make the officials drop the Indian Relief Bill.