Jacaranda is a fantastic tree that grows into a large and branchy tree. The mauve flowers of the Jacaranda tree and its foliage are also soft and fern-like. The tubular flowers bloom during late October and remain till December. It is a deciduous tree. Many people love to grow the Jacaranda tree near their homes because of its sprawling branches and beautiful flowers. It has lots of other fine attributes which you will fall in love with.
Further, the Jacaranda tree grows in a tropical, sub-tropical, sheltered, and warm temperate climate. The plants can tolerate temperatures up to –3˚C. It likes full sun, so when it grows, it needs protection from cold or drying winds. You only need to water the plant when it’s young, but after that, it needs water only during the dry season. If you want to grow this exceptionable tree, here are the steps you can follow.
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The characteristics of the Jacaranda tree
Jacaranda tree also known as Jacaranda mimosifolia. It is tropical in South America. It was a beautiful sight in the country for many generations. They are elegant and majestic trees with short trunks and broad canopies. It is wider than it is tall. The tree may take twenty years to attain its full growth and maturity.
Further, the foliage of the Jacaranda tree is lush green. Plus, it is soft and fern-like in appearance. It contains many leaflets, and the leaves start to thin in winter. It turns golden brown and falls in the late winter. So the leaves reshoot simultaneously after the flowers come in the spring.
In the commercial world, the Jacaranda tree is a grafted plant. It also offers flowers of a particular color and ensures quick flowering. You have to avoid seed-grown plants as they can be poor flowerers.
The vital uses of the Jacaranda tree
For many years the Jacaranda tree is a favorite of councils for park planting and on the streets. It makes any place beautiful and shady with its gorgeous branches and foliage. Plus, it needs only light maintenance once it is planted in a place.
It is a great choice if you are looking for a hardy tree. It puts on a great flower display during the spring season. But in the wintertime, it allows some sunlight to come through the shade. So this is the most suitable tree. They are great trees for climbing and hanging swings.
Planting Jacaranda trees
When planting a tree, you have to think about some matters. For instance, some issues can be caused by a tree-like clogging drain, lifting pavers, and blocking views. Also, some special considerations are related to the Jacaranda tree-like leaf and flower fall. The woody seed pods can fall, and also the tree can drop. Here are the other things you need to look for.
- The small leaflets of the Jacaranda tree are very fine. They can get through the gutter guard. So check if your tree is planted a distance away from the gutters.
- If there are pathways or swimming pools, the tree leaves can fall, and you must clean them often.
- The bed of flowers falling on the ground can look beautiful, but they can be slippery. So it can be dangerous for walkers to pass by it.
- The fallen leaves and the flowers can serve as good compost.
- The seed pods can be unpleasant when walking on, so remove them as soon as possible.
Growing Jacaranda tree
Jacaranda trees can grow in tropical areas. But if you protect the tree in cold climates, they can grow in these situations too. They will grow slowly if it is chilly. You should select a spot for the plant where they are not exposed to heavy wind.
The tree prefers well-drained and rich soil. But they can also tolerate most soil types. You should not plant them in overly sandy or waterlogged places. Feed the plant a controlled-release fertilizer annually after they start to flower. Water it additionally only when it is required.
If you are using seeds to grow the Jacaranda tree, collect it as it is ripe from October to November. You can fill pots or trays with a good seed-raising mix. Then cover it with the mix, and the soil has to be moist. The seeds will begin to germinate pretty quickly after this. But the resultant plant may have different flowers.
Pruning the Jacaranda tree
If the tree has 2–3m of the clear trunk, you can permit its canopy to shoot and grow naturally. When the tree starts to grow, you can prune the side shoots so they can have a strong central shoot. You have to avoid pruning when the tree shows any bad response to pruning.
After pruning, it may reshoot very quickly around the area you have cut. But the shoots may not follow it as fast. Instead of following the semi-horizontal growth habit, they may grow skyward. Therefore you may not get a spreading canopy.
Common diseases and pests
Jacaranda is one of the most robust trees. If they do get diseases and pests it may be because of the following reasons.
- Frost may be quite damaging to the young tree or the foliage. This happens if you live in the cooler zones.
- The tree can benefit from extra watering if the plant grows in very hot and dry conditions. You have to use suitable soil first, then increase water penetration and decrease water runoff.
If you plant a tree today, you are making the earth a safe place for future generations to live. The areas with lots of trees will affect the health of the people in them. So plant trees like Jacaranda and enjoy their beauty for many years.
Also read: Creeping Phlox: How To Grow and Care Guide?