Since its invention, the Internet has benefited individuals all across the world. The largest global network of computers and other electronic devices makes up this system. This mega-network formation is made possible by several smaller private, academic, commercial, and governmental networks with various information sets.
Every day, billions of people use the Internet to get information, conduct business, watch media, and more. The world wide web or www is the service that enables us to connect to this enormous network using a computer. However, the early days of the Internet only allowed for a few things.
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Although the internet was just created yesterday, the idea has been around for over a century, and people and organizations worldwide have contributed to it. However, the extensive history of the internet’s creation may be roughly broken down into two waves: the theoretical conception of the internet and the actual building of the internet.
In the early 1900s, Nikola Tesla proposed a “global wireless system” when the first internet hints first appeared. In his opinion, the presence of such a system would enable him to send messages around the globe without the use of wires if given enough power.
By the early 1900s, Tesla had been working hard to develop a method of harnessing sufficient energy to enable the transmission of signals across vast distances. However, Guglielmo Marconi achieved the first transatlantic radio communication in 1901 by sending the letter “S” in the Morse code from England to Canada.
Tesla felt overshadowed by Marconi’s amazing discovery and sought to do more. The most influential person on Wall Street at the time, J.P. Morgan, was his donor, and he attempted to persuade him to support his research into what he called the “world telegraphy system.”
In essence, the plan called for building a communication hub that could send communications at the speed of light throughout the entire planet. Morgan finally stopped supporting Tesla’s tests because the notion seemed so absurd.
Tesla struggled to see his invention through, and in 1905 he had a nervous breakdown. Despite working toward a global system until his passing in 1943, he only realized it sometimes.
But he is thought to be the first to have ever conceived of such a novel kind of communication. He had visions, but they were of a real future, not an ideal one, as colleague engineer John Stone described it: “He did dream, and his dreams came true.
The United States of America is where internet technology was initially developed. In October 1969, the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, also known as ARPANET, was founded due to the Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA. The Defense Department’s chosen personnel had exclusive access to the ARPANET at first. As a result, new networks were subsequently developed to facilitate information sharing.
The Univac 1 was built by Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, who also worked on the earlier ENIAC computer. It was a 29,000-pound machine. It utilized 5,200 vacuum tubes.
In the end, Remington Rand sold 46 Univac 1s for more than $1 million each. It was the first commercially available computer with Internet access.
The Transfer Protocol/Internetwork Protocol, also known as TCP/IP, was introduced on January 1st, 1983. Computers could link to one another and exchange data using this protocol. Computers from other networks could connect via the TCP/IP protocol, which resembled a universal language. As a result, this day is recognised as the Internet’s inception.
Initially, getting on the Internet was more complex than it is now. One needed to be able to type commands to access information on a different server. Tim Berners-creation Lee’s of the World Wide Web in 1990 revolutionized this convoluted process. The World Wide Web made utilizing hypertext to navigate the Internet simple.
The World Wide Web comprises web servers that store HTML documents, which are then read on computers and other devices with web browsers.
A modem over an analogue phone line was initially used to access the Internet. Up to 56000 bits per second of data might be transferred via these links. Dial-up connections could have been the more active and easier method of connecting to the Internet.
These days, we use broadband internet technology, which is much quicker than dial-up and has a maximum speed of over 30 megabits per second. Nowadays, it’s simple to access the Internet thanks to WiFi and mobile data development!