Microdiscectomy, also known as micro decompression or cervical microdiscectomy, is a procedure that removes one or more discs from the spine. It is one of the most common procedures in spine surgery. This purpose was previously solved by an open procedure known as lumbar discectomy surgery, which entails making a large incision and cutting some of the back muscles, resulting in a long and painful recovery.
Microdiscectomy, a more advanced form of surgery, can now produce the same result with a smaller incision and less damage to the back muscles. As a result, healing time is reduced and pain is reduced. In microdiscectomy, a special microscope is used to examine the disc and nerves. The doctor will make a smaller incision with a wider view, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.
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The procedure of microdiscectomy surgery
The most common reason for lumbar discectomy surgery is to treat a herniated disc. During microdiscectomy, the same thing is performed, but with the assistance of a special microscope. A small portion of the bone over the nerve root and disc material under the nerve root is removed during this operation, which relieves pressure on the spinal nerve column.
The surgery is performed out under general anesthesia. During the operation, the patient would be unconscious and unable to feel anything. The treatment is carried out on a face-down patient. The following is how it works:
- An incision of one to one and a half inches would be made directly over the affected disc.
- To help the surgeon see the affected region, a lighted microscope is needed.
- A small portion of bone that protects the root nerve will be removed.
- The surgeon will use a scissor-like instrument to remove the infected herniated tissue, relieving pressure on the nerve.
- Then the stitches will be closed with sutures.
- In most cases, the patient is released the same day or the next morning.
Risks of the surgery
Microdiscectomy is a safe operation with few side effects. However, there are some complications, as with any surgery. Below are some of them:
- Bladder incontinence
Microdiscectomy surgery in Czechia
Czechia is one of the most common destinations for microdiscectomy. It has a wide range of licensed hospitals, low care costs, and some of the finest medical professionals. According to the European Consumer Health Index (ECHI), the Czech Republic was ranked first in Europe in terms of rapid access to treatment, beating out countries such as the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, and Ireland.
The Consumer Performance Index was developed in 2005 to assess and rate the performance of businesses from the perspective of their customers.
The cost of microdiscectomy treatment in Czechia is very affordable as compared to the other country. Prague, Brno, Praha are some of the best cities of Czechia for microdiscectomy surgery.
The good health insurance policy that protects Czech citizens, permanent residents, foreigners working for a local enterprise, EU citizens through the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), and UK citizens through the Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC) is a strong reason to choose healthcare in Czechia. Travel health insurance (less than 90 days stay) and private healthcare insurance schemes are available to those who are not covered by any of these options (for those staying for over 90 days).
Doctors of high quality in Czechia are unquestionably known around the world for their significant contributions to healthcare. Doctors in Czechia follow a meticulous procedure; they thoroughly investigate the problem before devising and implementing a treatment plan.
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