What is test automation?
Automation testing refers to the automation of test case execution and comparison to expected results. Is it worthwhile to use test automation? If so, what is the reason? In this article, we will glance at what is test automation? its types, and the benefits it has to provide us. It’s commonly used to automate repetitive operations and other testing chores that manual testing can’t do. It also allows you to do both functional and non-functional tests.
Why should you shift from Manual to Automation testing?
But, instead of manual testing, why should you adopt automated testing? There are several causes for this, including:
- Manual testing of all procedures and fields takes a long time and is expensive.
- Manually testing numerous websites is extremely tough and time-consuming.
- Manual testing necessitates human intervention regularly, whereas automation does not.
- Test execution speed and test coverage both improve as a result of automation.
These reasons should suffice to convince you that automated testing is preferable to manual testing. However, this does not imply that you must automate every test case; there is a specific requirement for test case automation.
As we know, manual testing is carried out by people who write each test case independently and then meticulously execute them. In contrast, automation testing uses an automation tool to run test cases.
Types of Automation testing
After learning about automation frameworks, you might want to learn about the many forms of automation testing. Several sorts of testing can be automated, depending on your application.
1. Unit testing
Individual components/units of a web application are tested in unit testing. Developers often write unit tests, although automated testers may also write them. During the development process of a web project, unit testing is conducted. It’s also known as the initial stage of web application testing.
2. Integrity Checking
The application components are conceptually connected and then tested as a group in integration testing. It focuses on ensuring data connectivity across your web app’s various elements.
3. Regression Tests
Regression testing is used to ensure that a recent code update does not damage your web app’s existing functionalities. In basic terms, it ensures that the old code continues to function as it did before to the implementation of new modifications.
4. Smoke test
Smoke testing is used to determine whether or not the released build is stable. In other words, confirming the operation of critical features so that testers may go on to the next stage of testing.
5. Functionality test
Functional testing is used to determine whether or not all of your web app’s features work as expected. The user interface, APIs, database, security, client/server applications, and general operation of your website are all addressed in functional testing.
Other automated tests, such as data-driven testing, black box testing, keyword testing, and so on, must be performed in addition to the previous testing types.
Advantages of Automated Testing
The benefits of automated testing outweigh the disadvantages of manual testing. We’ve compiled a list of some of the major advantages of automated testing.
- The first benefit of automation is a better return on investment. Compared to manual testing, automation saves time and money while delivering a greater return on investment. It also provides faster testing results.
- Provides thorough test coverage for an application’s whole feature set.
- Testing takes up less time and requires fewer people.
- There’s no need to build test scripts again and over again, even if the device’s OS version changes.
- It assists in the early phases of web development in detecting flaws. It is more dependable and faster when testing a web app repeatedly.
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