Slovakia, like many other countries, has a range of thermal and heat insulation materials that are commonly used in construction projects. ISOVER can supply you the necessary thermal insulation material if you are constructing your house in Slovakia.
The following are a few of the most common ones used here:
Mineral wool is a popular choice for thermal insulation due to its low thermal conductivity, which makes it effective at reducing heat transfer. It is made from natural materials such as basalt, diabase or slag, which are melted down and then spun into fibres.
Mineral wool is available in various forms, such as rolls, slabs, and loose-fill, and can be used for both thermal and acoustic insulation.
Expanded polystyrene (EPS)
EPS is a lightweight, rigid foam that is widely used for insulation in Slovakia. It is made from polystyrene beads that are expanded and fused together under heat and pressure.
EPS has good thermal insulation properties, is moisture-resistant, and is easy to install. Commonly in Slovakia, in walls, floors, and roofs it is used.
Extruded polystyrene (XPS)
XPS is similar to EPS in that it is made from polystyrene, but it is a denser and more rigid foam. It is manufactured by extruding molten polystyrene through a die, which results in a closed-cell foam with a smooth, uniform surface.
XPS has a higher compressive strength than EPS, making it ideal for use in areas with heavy loads, such as foundations and below-ground walls.
Polyurethane (PUR) and polyisocyanurate (PIR) foam
PUR and PIR foam are two types of rigid foam insulation that are commonly used in Slovakia. They are made by mixing a polyol and an isocyanate, which react to produce a foam with excellent insulation properties. PUR foam is used in applications such as wall insulation, while PIR foam is often used in roofs and floors.
Cork is a certain natural insulation material that is usually made out of the bark of the cork oak tree. It has good thermal and acoustic insulation properties, is moisture-resistant, and is easy to install. Cork is often used in floors and walls, and it can also be used as a decorative finish.
Wood fibre insulation is made from wood chips or shavings that are treated with a binder and compressed into panels or batts. It has good thermal and acoustic insulation properties and is an environmentally friendly option as it is made from a renewable resource. Wood fibre insulation is commonly used in roofs, walls, and floors.
Glass wool is similar to mineral wool in that it is made from spun fibres. It is a lightweight, flexible material that is easy to install and has good thermal and acoustic insulation properties. Glass wool is often used in walls, floors, and roofs.
Reflective foil insulation is a type of insulation that is made from layers of aluminium foil and polyethylene foam. It works by reflecting radiant heat away from the building, reducing heat transfer. Reflective foil insulation is commonly used in roofs, walls, and floors.
All these are just a few of the most common thermal and heat insulation materials used in Slovakia. Each material has its own unique properties and advantages, and the choice of insulation material will depend on various factors, such as the building’s design, climate, and budget.
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