Making vinegar is simple and easy, as it is one of the easiest fermentation projects you can try at home. The process is simple, and you need some basic things to prepare at home.
The main ingredients include mother (vinegar starter), distilled water, beer or wine, or hard cider. You can consider any alcohol, but it should contain at least 5% ABV to get it out of this process. In this article, let us discuss how to make vinegar at your home.
Table of Contents
- What is Vinegar?
- Vinegar Making Supplies:
- What is a Vinegar Mother?
- How to Make Vinegar at Your Home?
- Uses of Homemade Vinegar:
What is Vinegar?
In preparing it, the alcohol is fermented with acetic acid bacteria. Here alcohol means ethanol or ethyl alcohol. As a result, you will get the liquid with acetic acid, which is why you will get a sour taste. As ethanol is needed to prepare it, people mostly prepare it out of wines and ciders. In some cases, to prepare it, people also use
- Fruit juices
- Rice bases
Vinegar Making Supplies:
You may require the below-mentioned things to prepare vinegar at your home.
- Vinegar ‘mother’
- 1-gallon wide-mouth glass jar
- Rubber bands
- Sulfite-free organic red wine or hard cider
What is a Vinegar Mother?
The Vinegar mother is the main thing that converts the liquid or alcohol into vinegar with its mass of bacteria. It is also known as SCOBY and stands for ‘Symbiotic Culture of Bacteria and Yeast.’
Vinegar mother has different types, and you can use the right type based on what you prepare. You can use a specific type of mother to prepare
- Apple cider
- White wine
- Red wine
How to Make Vinegar at Your Home?
Here are the steps on how to make vinegar at your home.
Step 1: Preparation Before Starting
You need to decide where to place your vinegar, as it requires a certain temperature and other conditions. Such conditions are required to support the formation of it. For instance, you may need
- Good air circulation
- 70-80 degrees of room temperature
Step 2: Sterilizing the Jar Using Hot Water
Before using the jar, you need to sterilize it using hot water. So, boil a pot of water and pour them into the water. After filling the jar with boiling water, you must wait for some time. Then, pour out the water, and the jar is ready to use for the preparation.
Step 3: Pouring Liquid
It is produced by converting ethanol into acetic acid. In such a process, the liquid you use should contain 5% to 15% alcohol by volume (ABV). Though the ideal percentage is 9% to 12%, you can consider this percentage as well. Most wine contains 12% to 14% ABV, which you can combine with water in a ratio of 1:1.
For preparation, never use normal tap water but go for distilled water. For less sharpness, consider the percentage of wine and water in the ratio of 2:1. For more sharpness, consider 2:1. You can use white or red wine as per your preference to prepare vinegar.
Step 4: Adding Mother and Storing the Jar
After adding the liquid to the jar, you can add the mother. You can buy a mother either in gelatinous form or liquid form. But you need to follow the instructions present on the mother pack. People usually buy the mother from food stores or online stores.
You can also use the homemade ‘mother’ if you stored it in the last vinegar preparation. Just use a spoonful of mother into the jar containing liquid.
Step 5: Closing the Jar Using a Cheesecloth
After adding the necessary things into the jar, you can close the jar using paper cloth or Cheesecloth. Then, you need to seal the jar using a rubber band. Never leave the jar uncovered, as dust or dirt may fall. When you kept open, even fruit flies may float in and around the jar.
Step 6: Placing the Jar in the Right Place For 2 Months
As already said, you need to store it in the right place having the right temperature. During the conversion process, the vinegar will happen at temperatures between 59 to 94 degrees Fahrenheit. So, pick up a warm spot to place the jar.
Step 7: Vinegar is Ready
After 2 months, you can remove the rubber band and open the jar to check it. Using a disposable straw, you can take out a few drops of it without disturbing the gelatinous mother. Mother will float on the surface of the vinegar.
Now, taste a small sip of it, and decide on the further procedure. If it is too weak, you can again cover the jar and allow it to ferment for 2 more weeks. Until it meets the taste of it, you should allow the liquid to ferment.
Step 8: Storing the Vinegar
Once it is ready, you can transfer it into a new jar after removing the gelatinous floating of a mother. You can leave some portion of the mother in the same bottle and use it for the next batch.
Pour it into a pan and switch on the gas stove. You need to heat the it over medium-low heat. This will help to pasteurize it and store it at room temperature.
Always use a glass container to store the it at your home. While pouring it into the glass jar, use a funnel into the mouth of the jar for easy transformation.
Uses of Homemade Vinegar:
One can use this homemade for salad dressings, marinades, etc. With its varying pH level, it is unsafe to use homemade vinegar in canning or preserving foods. You can prepare various types of it at your home like
- Maple vinegar
- Red wine vinegar
- White wine vinegar
- Apple cider vinegar
So, this article gives you information about how to make vinegar at your home by following simple steps. Go through the article to learn about the ingredients you need to prepare it.